Jaargang 30 (2010)
Nummer: 3
Artikel: 203

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Psychotherapeutische behandeling van patiënten met de eetbuistoornis ...

Samenvatting

De eetbuistoornis wordt in de DSM-IV-TR beschreven onder de categorie EDNOS (eating disorder not otherwise specified). Vaak resulteert de eetbuistoornis in obesitas. Als je de grote hoeveelheid studies over medicamenteuze behandelingen van de eetbuistoornis in ogenschouw neemt, kun je stellen dat er weinig onderzoek is verricht naar de effecten van een psychotherapeutische aanpak. In deze bijdrage vatten we ‘de state of the art’ samen omtrent de psychotherapeutische aanpak (met en zonder medicatie) van de eetbuistoornis en obesitas. Onderzoek geeft aan dat er matige evidentie bestaat voor een cognitieve gedragstherapeutische behandeling, aangeboden via een stapsgewijs protocol. Een hele reeks andere behandelingen lijkt erg beloftevol, maar méér en gecontroleerd onderzoek omtrent deze andere behandelingen blijft aangewezen om uitspraken over de evidentie ervan te kunnen doen.

Summary

Binge Eating Disorder (BED) is described within the DSM-IV-TR under the category of EDNOS (Eating Disorder Not Otherwise Specified). Often BED is associated with obesity. Compared to the many studies on the use of medications in the treatment of BED, little research has been done on the effects of a psychotherapeutic approach. In this contribution we summarize the ‘state of the art’ of the research on the psychotherapeutic approach of BED. Studies of a purely psychotherapy approach will be discussed together with studies combining psychotherapy and medication.

Research indicates that there is moderate evidence for a cognitive behavioral therapeutic approach, offered through a stepwise protocol as an effective treatment for BED. Several other treatment approaches seem to be very promising, but more controlled studies on larger samples are needed before any conclusions about the evidence can be drawn.

Referenties

Adriaens, A., Pieters, G., Vancampfort, D., Probst, M., & Vanderlinden, J. (2009). Een cognitief-gedragstherapeutisch programma voor patiënten met obesitas en binge eating disorder: kortetermijnresultaten. Directieve Therapie, 29, 112-126.

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Arcelus, J., Whight, D., Langham, C., Baggott, J., McGrain, L., Meadows, L., & Meyer, C. (2009). A case series evaluation of a modified version of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) for the treatment of bulimic eating disorders: A pilot study. European Eating Disorders Review, 17, 260-268.

Arnold, L.M., McElroy, S.L., Hudson, J.I., Welge, J.A., Bennett, A.J., & Keck, P.E. Jr. (2002). A placebo-controlled, randomized trial of fluoxetine in the treatment of binge-eating disorder. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 63(11), 1028-1033.

Brownley, K.A., Berkman, N.D., Sedway, J.A., Lohr, K.N., & Bulik, C.M. (2007). Binge eating disorder treatment: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 40(4),337-348.

De Zwaan, M., Mitchell, J.E., Crosby, R.D., Mussell, M.P., Raymond, N.C., Specker, S.M., & Seim, H.C. (2005). Short-term cognitive behavioral treatment does not improve outcome of a comprehensive very-low-calorie diet program in obese women with binge eating disorder. Behavior Therapy, 36(1), 89-99.

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Dingemans, A.E., Bruna, M.J., & Furth, E.F. van (2002). Binge eating disorder: A review. International Journal of Obesity, 26, 299-307.

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Fandiño, J., Moreira, R.O., Preissler, C., Gaya, C.W., Papelbaum, M., Coutinho, W.F., & Appolinario, J.C. (2010). Impact of binge eating disorder in the psychopathological profile of obese women. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 51(2), 110-114.

Fossati, M., Amati, F., Painot, D., Reiner, M., Haenni, C., & Golay, A. (2004). Cognitive-behavioral therapy with simultaneous nutritional and physical activity education in obese patients with binge eating disorder. Eating and Weight Disorders, 9(2), 134-138.

Gorin, A.A., Le Grange, D., & Stone, A.A. (2003). Effectiveness of spouse involvement in cognitive behavioral therapy for binge eating disorder. International Journal of Eating Disorders, 33(4), 421-433.

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Grucza, R.A., Przybeck, T.R., & Cloninger, C.R. (2007). Prevalence and correlates of binge eating disorder in a community sample. Comprehensive Psychiatry, 48, 124-131.

Hay, P.P.J., Bacaltchuk, J., Stefano, S., & Kashyap, P. (2009).Psychological treatments for bulimia nervosa and binging (Review). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, 4, art. no. CD000562.

Hudson, J.I., Hiripi, E., Pope, H.G. Jr., & Kessler, R.C. (2007). The prevalence and correlates of eating disorders in the National Comorbidity Survey Replication. Biological Psychiatry, 61, 348-358.

Krysanski, V.L. & Ferraro, F.R. (2008). Review of controlled psychotherapy treatment trials for binge eating disorder. Psychological Reports, 102(2), 339-368.

Leombruni, P., Piero, A., Lavagnino, L., Brustolin, A., Campisi, S., & Fassino, S. (2008). A randomized, double-blind trial comparing sertraline and fluoxetine 6-month treatment in obese patients with binge eating disorder. Progress in Neuro-Psychopharmacology and Biological Psychiatry, 32(6), 1599-1605.

McElroy, S.L., Casuto, L.S., Nelson, E.B., Lake, K.A., Soutullo, C.A., Keck, P.E. Jr., & Hudson, J.I. (2000). A Placebo-controlled trial of sertraline in the treatment of binge eating disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 157(6), 1004-1006.

McElroy, S.L., Hudson, J.I., Malhotra, S., Welge, J.A., Nelson, E.B., & Keck, P.E. Jr. (2003). Citalopram in the treatment of binge-eating disorder: A placebo-controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 64(7), 807-813.

McElroy, S.L., Kotwal, R., Guerdjikova, A.I., Welge, J.A., Nelson, E.B., Lake, K.A., & Hudson, J.I. (2006). Zonisamide in the treatment of binge eating disorder with obesity: A randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 67(12), 1897-1906.

McElroy, S.L., Kotwal, R., Hudson, J.I., Nelson, E.B., & Keck, P.E. Jr. (2004). Zonisamide in the treatment of binge-eating disorder: An open-label, prospective trial. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 65(1), 50-56.

Pearlstein, T., Spurell, E., Hohlstein, L.A., Gurney, V., Read, J., Fuchs, C., & Keller, M.B. (2003). A double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of fluvoxamine in binge eating disorder: A high placebo response. Archives of Women’s Mental Health, 6(2), 147-151.

Peterson, C.B., Mitchell, J.E., Crow, S.J., Crosby, R.D., & Wonderlich, S.A. (2009). The efficacy of self-help group treatment and therapist-led group treatment for binge eating disorder. American Journal of Psychiatry, 166(12), 1347-1354.

Reas, D.L. & Grilo, C.M. (2008). Review and meta-analysis of pharmacotherapy for binge-eating disorder. Obesity, 16(9), 2024-2038.

Ricca, V., Castellini, G., Lo Sauro, C., Rotella, C.M., & Faravelli, C. (2009). Zonisamide combined with cognitive behavioral therapy in binge eating disorder: A one-year follow-up study. Psychiatry (Edgmont), 6(11), 23-28.

Ricca, V., Mannucci, E., Mezzani, B., Moretti, S., Di Bernardo, M., Bertelli, M., Rotella, C.M. & Faravelli, C. (2001). Fluoxetine and fluvoxamine combined with individual cognitive-behaviour therapy in binge eating disorder: A one-year follow-up study. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics, 70(6), 298-306.

Riva, G., Bacchetta, M., Cesa, G., Conti, S., & Molinari, E. (2003). Six-month follow-up of in-patient experiential cognitive therapy for binge eating disorders. CyberPsychology & Behavior, 6(3), 251-258.

Safer, D.L., Robinson, A.H., & Jo, B. (2010). Outcome from a randomized controlled trial of group therapy for binge eating disorder: Comparing dialectical behavior therapy adapted for binge eating to an active comparison group therapy. Behavior Therapy, 41(1), 106-120.

Santermans, L., Vanderlinden, J., Adriaens, A., & Pieters, G. (2008). De eetbuistoornis: overzicht van de huidige inzichten. Tijdschrift voor Geneeskunde, 64(22), 1132-1136.

Stefano, S.C., Bacaltchuk, J., Blay, S.L., & Appolinario, J.C. (2008). Antidepressants in short-term treatment of binge eating disorder: Systematic review and meta-analyses. Eating Behaviors, 9(2), 129-136.

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Vocks, S., Tuschen-Caffier, B., Pietrowsky, R., Rustenbach, S.J., Kersting, A., & Herpertz, S. (2010). Meta-analysis of the effectiveness of psychological and pharmacological treatments for binge eating disorder. The International Journal of Eating Disorders, 43(3), 205-217.

Wilfley, D.E., Welch, R.R., Stein, R.I., Spurrell, E.B., Cohen, L.R., Saelens, B.E., Dounchis, J.E., Frank, M.A., Wisemna, C.V., & Matt, G.E. (2002). A randomized comparison of group cognitive-behavioral therapy and group interpersonal psychotherapy for the treatment of overweight individuals with binge-eating disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 59(8), 713-721.

Wilson, G.T., Wilfley, D.E., Agras, W.S., & Bryson, S.W. (2010). Psychological treatments of binge eating disorder. Archives of General Psychiatry, 67(1), 94-101.

Yager, J. (2008). Binge eating disorder: The search for better treatments. American Journal of Psychiatry, 165(1), 4-6.

Pictogram

DT-30-3-203.pdf 496.88 KB 136 downloads

Psychotherapeutische behandeling van patiënten met de eetbuistoornis ...