Jaargang 29 (2009)
Nummer: 3
Artikel: 212

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De invloed van feedback op cliënten met een eetstoornis ...

Samenvatting

Een gebrek aan zelfwaardering kan een belangrijke rol spelen in de ontwikkeling en het voortduren van eetstoornissen. In dit onderzoek zijn de gevolgen van positieve en negatieve feedback op de impliciete en expliciete zelfwaardering bestudeerd bij vrouwen met een eetstoornis in vergelijking met vrouwen zonder psychische stoornis. Na het uitvoeren van een hiervoor ontworpen computertest werd aan de deelnemers positieve dan wel negatieve feedback gegeven over hun prestaties. Voor en na afname van de test werden de expliciete en impliciete zelfwaardering gemeten. Op de expliciete meting toonden vrouwen met een eetstoornis een negatievere zelfwaardering na negatieve feedback en een positievere zelfwaardering na positieve feedback. Op de impliciete meting toonden deze vrouwen enkel een positieve verandering na positieve feedback, terwijl effect uitbleef na de negatieve feedback. Niet-patiënten veranderden niet in zelfwaardering door feedback. Er is geen correlatie gevonden tussen de expliciete en impliciete maten, hetgeen suggereert dat het verschillende constructen betreft. Deze resultaten onderstrepen het belang van het positief benaderen van vrouwen met een eetstoornis.

Summary

Lack of self-esteem may play an important role in the development and persistence of eating disorders. This study investigates the impact of positive and negative feedback on implicit and explicit self-esteem in women with an eating disorder as compared to non-patients. Positive or negative feedback was given on participant’s performance on a specifically developed computer test. Before and after the performance explicit and implicit self-esteem was measured. On the explicit measure women with an eating disorder reacted congruently with the nature of the feedback. On the implicit measure only women with an eating disorder responded to the positive feedback with an improvement of the self-esteem with no effect for negative feedback. Non-patients were unaffected by either feedback. No correlation was observed between the explicit and implicit measures suggesting that these measurements tap different constructs. These results underline the importance of positively approaching women with eating disorders.

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DT-29-3-212.pdf 502.42 KB 86 downloads

De invloed van feedback op cliënten met een eetstoornis ...